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[Osseointegrated implants in adolescents. A three year study]

Journal article
Authors Birgit Thilander
J Odman
Kerstin Gröndahl
Bertil Friberg
Published in Nederlands tijdschrift voor tandheelkunde
Volume 102
Issue 10
Pages 383-5
ISSN 0028-2200
Publication year 1995
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 383-5
Language en
Links www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Alveolar Bone Loss, prevention & control, Cephalometry, Dental Implantation, Endosseous, methods, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Maxillofacial Development, Tooth Injuries, surgery, therapy, Tooth Loss, surgery, therapy
Subject categories Surgical research

Abstract

In 15 adolescents (age 13.2 to 19.4 years) in the late dental stage implants (n = 27) were chosen to replace missing teeth due to congenital absence or trauma. The patients were followed for at least 3 years. No fixture losses occurred. Only minor loss of bone support at the fixture was observed, while adjacent tooth surfaces showed some loss. Infra-occlusion of the implant restorations was noticed in patients with residual craniofacial growth. Thus, the dental and skeletal maturation, and not the chronological age, must be taken into account to avoid infra-occlusion. Furthermore it is important to gain enough space for the fixture in the mesio-distal direction in order to avoid the risk of marginal bone loss at teeth adjacent to the implants.

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