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Evidence of a net release of tissue-type plasminogen activator across the human cerebral vasculature.

Journal article
Authors Christina Jern
Christian Blomstrand
Anne Westerlind
Published in Thrombosis and haemostasis
Volume 91
Issue 5
Pages 1019-25
ISSN 0340-6245
Publication year 2004
Published at Institute of Clinical Neurosciences
Institute of Surgical Sciences, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care
Pages 1019-25
Language en
Keywords Aged, Biological Markers, blood, Blood Flow Velocity, Capillary Permeability, physiology, Cerebral Arteries, metabolism, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Coronary Artery Bypass, Fibrinolysis, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, blood, Protein Transport, Sympathetic Nervous System, physiology, Tissue Plasminogen Activator, blood, metabolism
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences


We have earlier described models for measuring local net release rates of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in vivo across skeletal, coronary, pulmonary, and splanchnic vascular beds. Aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a net release of t-PA across the human cerebral vascular bed and whether an acute regulated release can be induced by sympathoadrenal activation. Fourteen male subjects undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated prior to surgery and during sternotomy-induced sympathoadrenal activation. Blood samples were obtained simultaneously from the radial artery and the jugular bulb. Blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (V(MCA)) was determined by transcranial Doppler. Cerebral net release of t-PA was calculated as the arterio-venous concentration gradient times V(MCA). Prior to surgery there was a significant cerebral net release of t-PA (131 and 42 ng/min for t-PA antigen and activity, respectively). The release was significantly induced by sternotomy (to 271 and 80 ng/min, respectively). No significant cerebral net release of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) was detected throughout the experiment. The results show that there is a basal net release of t-PA across the human cerebral vascular bed and that sympathoadrenal activation induces a local regulated release of t-PA.

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