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Asperger syndrome and autism: a comparative longitudinal follow-up study more than 5 years after original diagnosis.

Journal article
Authors Mats Cederlund
Bibbi Hagberg
Eva Billstedt
I Carina Gillberg
Christopher Gillberg
Published in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 38
Issue 1
Pages 72-85
ISSN 0162-3257
Publication year 2008
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Pages 72-85
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Asperger Syndrome, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Autistic Disorder, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Communication Disorders, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Differential, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Severity of Illness Index, Social Behavior, Time Factors
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry


Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis. Instruments used at follow-up included overall clinical assessment, the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and Global Assessment of Functioning Scale. Specific outcome criteria were used. Outcome in AS was good in 27% of cases. However, 26% had a very restricted life, with no occupation/activity and no friends. Outcome in the autism group was significantly worse. Males with AS had worse outcomes than expected given normal to high IQ. However, outcome was considerably better than for the comparison group of individuals with autism.

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