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Early complete failures of fixed implant-supported prostheses in the edentulous maxilla: a 3-year analysis of 17 consecutive cluster failure patients.

Journal article
Authors Torsten Jemt
Per Häger
Published in Clinical implant dentistry and related research
Volume 8
Issue 2
Pages 77-86
ISSN 1523-0899
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 77-86
Language en
Keywords Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alveolar Bone Loss, classification, Dental Implantation, Endosseous, methods, Dental Implants, Dental Materials, chemistry, Dental Prosthesis Design, Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported, Dental Restoration Failure, Denture Retention, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Jaw, Edentulous, rehabilitation, surgery, Male, Maxilla, surgery, Middle Aged, Periodontitis, complications, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Smoking, adverse effects, Titanium, chemistry
Subject categories Dentistry, Biomaterials, Oral prosthetics


BACKGROUND: Clusters of implant failures in the edentulous maxilla seem to occur in some patients. To create groups for analysis with higher numbers of these patients implies large original groups for inclusion. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively describe and compare a group of "cluster failure patients" with randomly selected patients treated in the edentulous maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a group of 1,267 consecutively treated patients in one clinic, all patients presenting failing fixed implant-supported prostheses within the first 3 years of follow-up were included. All patients were treated with turned titanium implants using two-stage surgery. A control group of equal number of patients were created for comparison. Data on patients were retrospectively retrieved from their records, and compared. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (1.3%) met the inclusion criteria in the entire group. The bone resorption index revealed less bone quantity in the study group (p < .05) during implant placement, but there was no difference regarding primary implant stability at first-stage surgery. The distribution of short and long implants showed relatively higher number of short implants in the study group (p < .05), and more patients had a presurgical discussion on the risk of implant failure prior to treatment in this group (p < .05). Only 5 out of 102 implants (4.9%) were lost before prosthesis placement as compared to 38 and 25 lost implants during the following two years in the study group. Smoking habits and signs of bone loss related to periodontitis in the lower dentition were more frequent in the study group, but did not reach a significant level (p > .05). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that bone quantity, reflected in fixture length, has a significant impact on increased implant failure risk. Other factors of interest as predictors for implant failures could be smoking habits and also possibly signs of periodontitis in the opposing dentition.

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