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C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, secretory phospholipase A(2) group IIA and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in the prediction of late outcome events after acute coronary syndromes

Journal article
Authors Marianne Hartford
Olov Wiklund
Lillemor Mattsson Hultén
Anita Persson
Thomas Karlsson
Johan Herlitz
Kenneth Caidahl
Published in J Intern Med
Volume 262
Issue 5
Pages 526-536
ISSN 0954-6820
Publication year 2007
Published at Wallenberg Laboratory
Institute of Medicine, Department of Emergeny and Cardiovascular Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 526-536
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.2007...
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences

Abstract

Objective. We investigated whether levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), secretory phospholipase A(2) group IIA (sPLA(2)-IIA) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-I) predict late outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Design. Prospective longitudinal study. CRP (mg L(-1)), IL-6 (pg mL(-1)), sPLA(2)-IIA (ng mL(-1)) and ICAM-1 (ng mL(-1)) were measured at days 1 (n = 757) and 4 (n = 533) after hospital admission for ACS. Their relations to mortality and rehospitalization for myocardial infarction (MI) and congestive heart failure (CHF) were determined. Setting. Coronary Care Unit at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Subjects. Patients with ACS alive at day 30; median follow-up 75 months. Results. Survival was related to day 1 levels of all markers. After adjustment for confounders, CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1, but not sPLA(2)-IIA, independently predicted mortality and rehospitalization for CHF. For CRP, the hazard ratio (HR) was 1.3 for mortality (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-1.5, P = 0.003) and 1.4 for CHF (95% CI: 1.1-1.9, P = 0.006). For IL-6, HR was 1.3 for mortality (95% CI: 1.1-1.6, P < 0.001) and 1.4 for CHF (95% CI: 1.1-1.8, P = 0.02). For ICAM-1, HR was 1.2 for mortality (95% CI: 1.0-1.4, P = 0.04) and 1.3 for CHF (95% CI: 1.0-1.7, P = 0.03). No marker predicted MI. Marker levels on day 4 provided no additional predictive value. Conclusions. In patients with ACS, CRP, IL-6, sPLA(2)-IIA and ICAM-1 are associated with long-term mortality and CHF, but not reinfarction. CRP, IL-6 and ICAM-1 provide prognostic information beyond that obtained by clinical variables.

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