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Climate and behaviour in a Nordic city

Journal article
Authors Ingegärd Eliasson
I. Knez
Ulla Westerberg
Sofia Thorsson
Fredrik Lindberg
Volume 82
Issue 1-2
Pages 72-84
ISSN 0169-2046
Publication year 2007
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 72-84
Language en
Links DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01....
Keywords public spaces; urban climate; climate planning; environmental psychology; environmental design
Subject categories Earth and Related Environmental Sciences


Four urban public spaces, representing various designs and microclimates, were investigated in Gothenburg, Sweden, in order to estimate how weather and microclimate affect people in urban outdoor environments. The research strategy was both multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary and included scientists from three disciplines: architecture, climatology and psychology. The project is based on common case studies carried out during four seasons, including measurements of meteorological variables, interviews and observations of human activity at each place. Multiple regression analysis of meteorological and behavioural data showed that air temperature, wind speed and clearness index (cloud cover) have a significant influence on people's assessments of the weather, place perceptions and place-related attendance. The results support the arguments in favour of employing climate sensitive planning in future urban design and planning projects, as the physical component of a place can be designed to influence the site-specific microclimate and consequently people's place-related attendance, perceptions and emotions.

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