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Effect of antiretroviral treatment and counselling on disclosure of HIV-serostatus in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Journal article
Authors S Skogmar
D Shakely
M Lans
J Danell
Rune Andersson
N Tshandu
A Odén
S Roberts
W D Francois Venter
Published in AIDS care
Volume 18
Issue 7
Pages 725-30
ISSN 0954-0121
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Pathology
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 725-30
Language en
Keywords Adult, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, psychology, Counseling, Female, HIV Infections, drug therapy, epidemiology, psychology, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Self Disclosure, Sexual Behavior, psychology, Sexual Partners, psychology, Social Support, South Africa, epidemiology, Stereotyping
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences


This prospective non-randomized study of clinic attendees, compares self-reported HIV disclosure patterns in relation to access to antiretroviral access and counselling. It was carried out in public sector hospital HIV clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa, and 144 HIV-positive men and women attending the HIV clinics participated in the study.The results showed that there was no correlation between being on antiretroviral therapy and disclosure of HIV status. There was also no correlation between disclosure of HIV status and with different levels of counselling and access to support groups. Disclosure levels were high (92% told at least one person), however, there was a high level of delayed (15% greater than a year) or non-disclosure (21%) to partners. Family members and partners provided most moral support after disclosure. Having access to antiretroviral therapy and support groups and available counselling did not seem to affect disclosure patterns. It is possible that a patients beliefs about their treatment plays a more important role for disclosure than the actual treatment itself. Other factors are also likely important for disclosure, such as the patient's social network especially with their families, and knowledge of the disease.

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