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Dental beliefs: evaluation of the Swedish version of the revised Dental Beliefs Survey in different patient groups and in a non-clinical student sample.

Journal article
Authors Kajsa H. Abrahamsson
Magnus Hakeberg
Jane Stenman
Kerstin Öhrn
Published in European journal of oral sciences
Volume 114
Issue 3
Pages 209-15
ISSN 0909-8836
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 209-15
Language en
Keywords Adult, Age Factors, Attitude to Health, Communication, Dental Anxiety, psychology, Dental Care, psychology, Dentist-Patient Relations, Dentists, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oral Health, Periodontal Diseases, psychology, Psychometrics, statistics & numerical data, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Self Concept, Students, psychology, Sweden, Trust
Subject categories Dentistry, Odontological behavioural science


The aim of this study was to evaluate and to test the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the revised Dental Beliefs Survey (DBS-R) in different patient groups and in a non-clinical sample of students. It was hypothesized that negative dental beliefs, assessed using the DBS-R, would discriminate between fearful and non-fearful study groups. The questionnaire was distributed together with the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). The sample included 550 adults who responded to the questionnaires (206 students, 177 general dental patients, 105 periodontal patients and 62 patients at a waiting list for dental-fear treatment). The internal drop-out rate was low. The results confirmed that the DBS-R discriminates well between fearful patients and the other study groups. The DBS-R had a high internal consistency in all the study groups. Furthermore, the DBS-R correlated significantly with age (higher values in younger age groups) and the DAS. Regression analyses showed that the DBS-R subdimensions of 'communication' and 'control'/or 'trust', respectively, were significant predictors for dental fear. The results suggest that the DBS-R is a reliable and valid instrument for use in different Swedish patient- and non-clinical population groups in order to assess attitudes to dentists. However, the underlying factor structure of the DBS-R needs to be further explored and established.

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