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Ophthalmological findings in a sample of Swedish children aged 4-15 years

Journal article
Authors Marita Andersson Grönlund
Susann Andersson
Eva Aring
Anna-Lena Hård
Ann Hellström
Published in Acta Ophthalmol Scand
Volume 84
Issue 2
Pages 169-76
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Pages 169-76
Language en
Links file:///U:/EndNoteRefs/PDF_arkiv/Ac...
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences

Abstract

AIMS: To characterize ophthalmological findings in a sample of Swedish children aged 4-15 years. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional comprehensive ophthalmological investigation was performed on a sample of 143 children (67 girls, 76 boys) aged 4-15 years. RESULTS: Visual acuity (VA) in the better eye >or=1.0 (0.3 logMAR). Amblyopia was found in 0.7% of subjects. A total of 68% of the children had no refractive errors. Hyperopia (>or=2.0 dioptres [D] in spherical equivalent [SE]) was found in 9% and myopia (>or=0.5 D SE) in 6% of children. Astigmatism (>or=0.75 D) was recorded in 22% and anisometropia (>or=1.0 D SE) in 3%. A total of 8% were optically corrected. Strabismus was recorded in 3.5%. Signs of visuoperceptual problems were reported in 3% of the children. CONCLUSION: This sample of Swedish children may serve as a comparison group regarding ophthalmological findings in children aged 4-15 years.

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