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Routine postoperative urography after cystectomy and urinary diversion is not necessary.

Journal article
Authors Ingela Berrum-Svennung
Sten Holmäng
Published in Scand J Urol Nephrol
Volume 39
Issue 3
Pages 211-213
Publication year 2005
Published at Institute of Surgical Sciences, Department of Urology
Pages 211-213
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/0036559051000777...
Keywords Bladder neoplasm; complications; cystectomy; stents; urography
Subject categories Surgery, Urology and andrology

Abstract

Objective It is routine procedure to obtain a urogram or retrograde stentogram 1-2 weeks after urinary diversion. The purpose of this is to diagnose silent urinary leakage and obstruction of the anastomosis. We registered the frequency of significant findings at routine postoperative urography in patients with bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. Material and methods We identified a total of 200 consecutive patients who were treated with radical cystectomy and urinary diversion between 1994 and 2002. Eight patients were never evaluated radiologically and another 14 were examined earlier than planned due to symptoms or signs from the urinary tract and abdomen. The remaining 178 patients underwent a routine radiological examination. The methods of deviation in these patients were Bricker conduit (n=119), continent abdominal reservoir (n=24) and orthotopic bladder reconstruction (n=35). A total of 170 patients underwent urography, seven underwent bilateral retrograde pyelographies and one was examined by means of antegrade pyelography. Results Not a single significant finding was identified with urography in 170 patients. Minimal leakage was identified at retrograde pyelography in one patient with a Bricker conduit, which resulted in treatment for 2 weeks with a pyelostomy catheter. Conclusion Routine postoperative urography is not necessary in patients who have a normal postoperative course after cystectomy and urinary diversion.

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