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Biomass reduction of juvenile birch is more strongly related to stomatal uptake of ozone than to indices based on external exposure

Journal article
Authors Johan Uddling
M. S. Günthardt-Goerg
R. Matyssek
E. Oksanen
Håkan Pleijel
Gun Selldén
Per Erik Karlsson
Published in Atmospheric Environment
Volume 38
Issue 28
Pages 4709-4719
ISSN 1352-2310
Publication year 2004
Published at Botanical Institute
Department of Environmental Science and Conservation, Applied Environmental Science
Pages 4709-4719
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004....
Keywords ozone uptake and flux, aot40, biomass reduction, stomatal conductance, betula pendula, betula-pendula roth, foliar injury, gas-exchange, whole-plant, yield loss, trees, conductance, vegetation, responses, leaves
Subject categories Botany

Abstract

In order to test the hypothesis that ozone-induced limitation of biomass production in juvenile silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) is driven by stomatal uptake of ozone (O-3) rather than external exposure, biomass reduction was related to the cumulative uptake of O-3 through stomata over an uptake cut-off threshold of x nmol O-3 m(-2) s(-1) (CUO > x), to the accumulated exposure to O-3 over a threshold of y nmol mol(-1) during daylight hours (daylight AOTy) or during 24 h (24 h AOTy), and to the sum of daytime concentrations exceeding 60 nmol mol(-1) (SUM06). The analysis included data from nine different experiments conducted in Sweden, Finland and Switzerland. Stomatal uptake of O-3 was estimated using a stomatal conductance (g,) model including g, response functions for photosynthetic photon flux density, water vapour pressure deficit of the air and air temperature. Experiment-specific maximum g(s) (g(max)) as well as g(s) in darkness (g(dark)) were assessed through local measurements. Biomass reduction Was more strongly related to CUO > x than to SUM06 and daylight or 24 h AOTy, but the difference between CUO > x and 24 h AOTy was small. The better performance of CUO > x was dependent on the use of site- and experiment-specific g(max) and g(dark) values, and there was a positive relationship between g(max) and biomass reduction per unit AOT40. Daylight AOTy and SUM06 could not account for the growth limiting impact of nocturnal O-3 uptake in the Swiss experiments. A sensitivity analysis revealed that the CUO > x estimates were largely insensitive to the estimate of the conductance for non-stomatal leaf surface deposition of O-3, as a result of turbulent conditions at the experimental plots. In summary, we conclude that CUO > x was more successful in accounting for the variation in biomass reduction in juvenile birch as compared to indices based on external exposure, if g(max) and g(dark) were locally parameterised. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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