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Effects of repeated testing in a longitudinal age-homogeneous study of cognitive aging

Journal article
Authors Valgeir Thorvaldsson
S. M Hofer
S Berg
Boo Johansson
Published in Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences
Pages 348-354
Publication year 2006
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 348-354
Language en
Keywords Aging, cognition, longitudinal, retest effects, practice effects
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

Estimates of gains related to repeated test exposure (retest effects) and within-person cogni-tive changes are confounded in most longitudinal studies because of the nonindependent time structures underlying both processes. Recently developed statistical approaches rely on be-tween-person age differences to estimate effects of repeated testing. This study, however, demonstrates how retest effects can be evaluated at the group level in an age-homogeneous population-based study by use of a sampling-based design approach in which level and change of cognitive performance of previous participants, measured at ages 70, 75, 79, 81, 85, 88, 90, 92, 95, 97, and 99 years, were compared with performances of survivors of a rep-resentative sample identified and drawn from the same original population cohort but invited for the first time at age 85 with subsequent measurements at ages 88, 90, 92, 95, 97, and 99. The comparisons revealed a trend toward retest effects on two out of five cognitive meas-urements. The study demonstrates how a design-based approach can provide valuable in-sights into continuous learning processes embedded in population average aging trajectories that are not confounded with cohort and mortality-related selective attrition

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
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