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Household Tree Planting in Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia: Tree Species, Purposes, and Tenure Security

Journal article
Authors Z. Gebreegziabher
A. Mekonnen
M. Kassie
Gunnar Köhlin
Published in Land Use Policy
Volume 96
ISSN 0264-8377
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Economics
Language en
Keywords Ethiopia, Q2, Q23, Q28, Sample selection, Tenure security, Tigrai, Tree attributes/purposes, Tree planting, Tree species choice, farm, livelihood, rural economy, tenure system, tree, Tigray
Subject categories Economics and Business


Trees on farms have multiple roles in rural livelihoods, providing significant economic and ecological benefits. Trees on farms also constitute vital components in mixed crop-livestock-tree systems. In this paper, we analyze household tree planting and tenure security and explore the most important determinants that enhance the propensity to plant trees, using a cross-sectional household-level dataset from a sample of 200 households in the highlands of Tigrai, northern Ethiopia. Specifically, we employ a sample selection model that simultaneously takes into account the two decisions of tree growers (whether or not to plant tree and how many) to analyze the effect of tenure security on tree planting. We also use a multinomial logistic regression model to analyze the most important determinants contributing to a household's decision of planting of particular tree species. We find that, among other things, tenure security enhances the propensity to plant trees as well as the amount of tree planting. Findings also suggest that households consider a diversity of attributes in making decisions to plant specific trees. These results can be used by policymakers to promote on-farm and homestead tree cultivation of private households in the study area by strengthening tenure security and considering households’ choices of specific tree species based on their attributes. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

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