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Suboptimal light curing and direct exposure to water of two contemporary composites: degree of conversion, sorption, solubility, and Knoop hardness

Journal article
Authors A. W. Wikant
U. W. Gedde
Magnus Hakeberg
Ulf Örtengren
Published in European Journal of Oral Sciences
Pages 9
ISSN 0909-8836
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 9
Language en
Keywords dental materials, hardness, light curing, polymers, restorative materials, leachable components, dental composites, bis-gma, polymerization, units, monomers, elution, resins, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Subject categories Dentistry


The water sorption and solubility of two polymer resin-based dental composite materials were assessed in order to evaluate the effects of immediate post-cure water exposure on the water sensitivity of the composites. Each material was tested with two different light curing setups. The radiant exposure of the two curing setups differed by a factor of 5. After exposure to water and subsequent drying, the Knoop surface hardness was measured. The change in the degree of conversion in both water and air storage medium within the first 24 h after curing was monitored by Raman spectroscopy. No significant differences in the degree of conversion were detected 24 h after curing. Samples exposed to the lower irradiation dose showed higher solubility and a lower surface hardness than the samples exposed to the higher irradiation dose. Early exposure to water did not cause detectable differences in the ongoing polymerization process. Increase in radiant exposure reduced the fraction of unbound constituents and increased the crosslink density, thereby reducing the plasticity of the material.

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