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The Climate Decade: Changing Attitudes on Three Continents

Working paper
Authors Fredrik Carlsson
Mitesh Kataria
Alan Krupnick
Elina Lampi
Åsa Löfgren
Ping Qin
Thomas Sterner
Xiaojun Yang
Publisher University of Gothenburg
Place of publication Gothenburg
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Economics
Language en
Keywords Climate change, willingness to pay, climate policy attitudes, political polarization, multi-country, China, United States, Sweden
Subject categories Economics and Business


We examine how attitudes and willingness to pay (WTP) for climate policies have changed over the past decade in the United States, China, and Sweden. All three countries exhibit an increased willingness to pay for climate mitigation. Ten years ago, Sweden had a larger fraction of believers in anthropogenic climate change and a higher WTP for mitigation, but today the national averages are more similar. Although we find convergence in public support for climate policy across countries, there is considerable divergence in climate attitudes and preferences within countries, particularly the United States. Political polarization explains part of this divergence.

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