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Young elite Alpine and Mogul skiers have a higher prevalence of cam morphology than non-athletes

Journal article
Authors Anna Swärd Aminoff
C. Agnvall
Carl Todd
P. J?nasson
Olof Thoreson
Mikael Sansone
Leif Swärd
Jón Karlsson
Adad Baranto
Published in Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy
Volume 28
Issue 4
Pages 1262-1269
ISSN 0942-2056
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedics
Pages 1262-1269
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5236-...
Keywords Femoro-acetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS), Hip joint, Young, athletes, Growth zone, Cam morphology, Female athletes, Skiers, Mogul, Alpine, nationwide prospective cohort, femoroacetabular impingement, acetabular, cartilage, hip, deformity, osteoarthritis, adolescent, dysplasia, epiphysis, players, Orthopedics, Sport Sciences, Surgery
Subject categories Surgery, Orthopedics

Abstract

Purpose To investigate the prevalence of cam morphology in (1) a group of young elite Mogul and Alpine skiers compared with non-athletes and (2) between the sexes. Method The hip joints of 87 subjects [n = 61 young elite skiers (29 females and 32 males) and n = 26 non-athletes (17 females and 9 males)] were examined using MRI, for measurements of the presence of cam morphology (alpha-angle >= 55). Results The skiers had a significantly higher prevalence of cam morphology compared with the non-athletes (49% vs 19%, p = 0.009). A significant difference (p < 0.001) was also found between females and males, where 22% of the females and 61% of the males had cam morphology. Among the skiers, there was also a significant difference (p < 0.001) between the sexes, where 28% of the females and 68% of the males had cam morphology. This difference between the sexes was not found in the non-athletic group. No significant differences were found between Mogul and Alpine skiers. Conclusion Young male elite skiers have a higher prevalence of cam morphology of the hips compared with non-athletes.

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