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Pupils' use of school outdoor play settings across seasons and its relation to sun exposure and physical activity

Journal article
Authors P. Pagels
U. Wester
F. Martensson
P. Guban
Anders Raustorp
Andreas Fröberg
M. Soderstrom
C. Boldemann
Published in Photodermatology Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Pages 8
ISSN 0905-4383
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Pages 8
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/phpp.12558
Keywords physical activity, play settings, pupils, sun exposure, uvr exposure, radiation, adolescents, environment, children, gender, recess, gps, Dermatology
Subject categories Health Sciences

Abstract

Background Long outdoor stay may cause hazardous exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from the sun even at high latitudes as in Sweden (Spring to Autumn). On the other hand, long outdoor stay is a strong predictor of primary school children ' s free mobility involving moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). UV-protective outdoor environments enable long outdoor stay. We investigated the concurrent impact of different school outdoor play settings upon pupils ' sun exposure and levels of physical activity across different ages, genders, and seasons. Method During 1 week each in September, March, and May, UVR exposure and MVPA were measured in pupils aged 7-11 years. Erythemally effective UVR exposure was measured by polysulphone film dosimeters and MVPA by accelerometers. Schoolyard play was recorded on maps, and used areas defined as four play settings (fixed play equipment, paved surfaces, sport fields, and green settings), categorized by season and gender. Results During the academic year, sport fields yielded the highest UVR exposures and generated most time in MVPA. In March, time outdoors and minutes in MVPA dropped and UVR exposures were suberythemal at all play settings. In May, green settings and fixed play equipment close to greenery promoted MVPA and protected from solar overexposure during long outdoor stays. Conclusion More outdoor activities in early spring are recommended. In May, greenery attractive for play could protect against overexposure to UVR and stimulate both girls and boys to vigorous play.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
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