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A comprehensive phylogeny and taxonomic evaluation of the waxbills (Aves: Estrildidae)

Journal article
Authors Urban Olsson
Per Alström
Published in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume 146
ISSN 1055-7903
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Language en
Keywords Amandavinae, Erythrurinae, Estrildinae, Lagonostictinae, Lonchurinae, Poephilinae, Taxonomy
Subject categories Biological Systematics


© 2020 Elsevier Inc. We present a revised taxonomy of Estrildidae based on the first time-calibrated phylogeny of the family Estrildidae estimated from a data set including the majority of the species, and all genera except the monospecific Paludipasser, using two mitochondrial and five nuclear markers. We find that most differences in current taxonomy reflect alternative opinions among authors regarding inclusiveness of genera, which are usually not in conflict with the phylogeny. The most notable exception is the current circumscriptions of the genera Neochmia, Nesocharis and Taeniopygia, which are incompatible with the phylogeny. Estrildidae is subdivided into six well supported subclades, which we propose be recognized as the subfamilies Amandavinae, Erythrurinae, Estrildinae, Lagonostictinae, Lonchurinae and Poephilinae.

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