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Temporal trends in cause-specific readmissions and their risk factors in heart failure patients in Sweden.

Journal article
Authors Xiaotong Cui
Jingmin Zhou
Aldina Pivodic
Ulf Dahlström
Junbo Ge
Michael Fu
Published in International journal of cardiology
Volume 306
Pages 116-122
ISSN 1874-1754
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Pages 116-122
Language en
Subject categories Clinical Medicine, Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


It remains unclear whether readmissions of patients with heart failure (HF) have decreased over time in an era of improved therapy and management of HF. This study aimed to determine the temporal short- and long-term trends of cause-specific rehospitalization and their risk factors in a Swedish context.HF patients in the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF) were investigated. Maximum follow-up time was 1 year. Outcomes included the first occurrence of all-cause, cardiovascular (CV) and HF rehospitalizations. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to determine the impact of increasing years on risk for rehospitalization and its known risk factors.Totally, 25,644 index-hospitalized HF patients in SwedeHF from 2004 to 2011 were enrolled in the study. For 8 years, the incidence risk of 1-year all-cause rehospitalization remained unchanged, whereas the incidence risk of CV (P = 0.038) or HF (P = 0.0038) rehospitalization decreased. After adjustment for age and sex, a 3% decrease per every second year was observed for 1-year CV and HF rehospitalizations (P < 0.05). However, time to the first occurring all-cause, CV and HF rehospitalization did not change significantly from 2004 to 2011 (P-values 0.13-0.87). When two study periods (2004-2005 vs. 2010-2011) were compared, the risk factor profile for rehospitalization was found to change.Throughout the 8-year study period, CV- and HF-related rehospitalizations decreased, whereas all-cause rehospitalization remained unchanged, indicating a parallel increase in non-CV rehospitalization in the HF patients.

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