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Comparing Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatment or Tooth Extraction

Journal article
Authors Emma Wigsten
Thomas Kvist
Peter Jonasson
T. Davidson
L. Bjprndal
V. S. Dawson
H. Fransson
F. Frisk
P. Jonasson
T. Kvist
M. Markvart
E. Wolf
Published in Journal of Endodontics
Volume 46
Issue 105
Pages 19-28
ISSN 0099-2399
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 19-28
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2019.10.0...
Keywords Endodontics, EQ-5D-5L, general dental care, Oral Health Impact Profile, patient-centered outcomes, quality-adjusted life year, oral-health impacts, population, euroqol, satisfaction, validity, age, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

Introduction: The knowledge of patient-centered outcomes concerning the consequences of root canal treatment in daily life is limited. The treatment option is often tooth extraction with possible prosthetic replacement. This study aimed to achieve a greater understanding of the patient perspective by evaluating the effect of root canal treatment in terms of quality of life and quality-adjusted life year (QALY) weights in comparison with patients who underwent tooth extraction. Methods: Patients with either root canal treatment or extraction were recruited from 6 clinics in the general public dental service during a predetermined period of 8 weeks. Three different instruments were used: the Oral Health Impact Profile evaluating the oral health related quality of life (OHRQOL), the EQ-5D-5L evaluating health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and QALY weights, and a disease-specific questionnaire evaluating satisfaction regarding the root canal treatment. The evaluation was assessed at the initiation of treatment and after 1 month. Patient-based and tooth-specific characteristics were obtained from the dental records. Results: Eighty-five patients were included. The distribution between sexes was even, with 43 women and 42 men. The mean age was 51.1 years. Forty-eight patients (56.5%) had a tooth extraction, and 37 patients (43.5%) initiated root canal treatment. The response rate for the questionnaire at baseline was 95.3%, and at the 1-month follow-up, it was 74.1%. Two relevant and comparable groups were obtained after exclusion of the extracted third molars (n = 20), resulting in 65 patients for further analyses. At follow-up, the patients who initiated root canal treatment registered a significant improvement in perceived HRQOL according to the QALY weights (P = .02 and P < .01, respectively). Patients initiating root canal treatment reported generally high satisfaction. Conclusions: A cohort of patients either initiating root canal treatment or tooth extraction as a control group was established. Initiating root canal treatment had a positive impact on perceived HRQOL. The included patients in general dental practice registered overall high satisfaction regarding root canal treatment.

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