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Ryskans ställning i Sverige under 1700-talet

Chapter in book
Authors Thomas Rosén
Published in Slavica antiqua et hodierna : en hyllningsskrift till Per Ambrosiani / Elisabeth Löfstrand, Alexander Pereswetoff-Morath, Ewa Teodorowicz-Hellman (red.).
Pages s. 107-124
ISBN 978-91-519-3591-1
ISSN 0347-7002
Publisher Stockholms universitet
Place of publication Stockholm
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages s. 107-124
Language sv
Keywords Russo–Swedish relations, eighteenth century, translators, Carl Emil Lewenhaupt
Subject categories General Language Studies and Linguistics


Throughout recorded history, access to personnel proficient in the Russian language has been of Swedish national interest. However, the methods of recruitment have varied considerably. A particularly radical change occurred following the Nystad (Uusikaupunki) peace treaty of 1721 which brought an end to the Great Northern War. As a result, Sweden’s hegemony was broken and Russia emerged as the great power in the Baltic Sea region. After the war, thousands of former prisoners of war returned home. Following, in many cases, more than a decade in captivity, some of these individuals had acquired a good command of Russian. ¶ After presenting the backgrounds of some individual speakers of Russian in eighteenth-century Sweden, this paper describes an attempt to gauge the actual level of language proficiency based on the analysis of a propaganda text from the Russo-Swedish war of 1741–3.

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