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Learning environment perceptions and student background variables as determinants of persistence in EFL learning

Journal article
Authors G. Mutlu
Ali Yildirim
Published in Sage Open
Volume 9
Issue 4
Pages 1-17
ISSN 2158-2440
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies
Pages 1-17
Language en
Keywords learning environment, persistence, EFL learning, classroom environment
Subject categories Pedagogical Work


This study attempted to investigate the ability of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom learning environment and student background characteristics to predict student persistence in EFL learning. The study also aimed to investigate whether the associations between learning environment characteristics and persistence varied by several student demographics. The sample for the study included 1,365 tertiary English preparatory program students in Turkey. Regression analyses showed that learning environment characteristics were significantly related to persistence with materials environment dimensionfound as the strongest predictor. When demographics were included in the analyses together with the learning environment predictors, they explained more variance in student persistence. Given the results on the variance of associations between student persistence and learning environment characteristics by student demographics, it was seen that the predictive abilitiesof learning environment factors varied on the basis of each subset of one particular student demographic characteristic.

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