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Gender differences in poaching attitudes: Insights from communities in Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe living near the great Limpopo

Journal article
Authors Aksel Sundström
Amanda Linell
Herbert Ntuli
Martin Sjöstedt
Meredith L. Gore
Published in Conservation Letters
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Political Science
Language en
Keywords attitudes, gender, Mozambique, poaching, South Africa, survey, transfrontier conservation, women, Zimbabwe
Subject categories Political Science


© 2019 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. To what extent and how do men and women differ in their attitudes about poaching? Although research suggests that women can be more concerned about environmental degradation than men, inquiries about communities in protected areas are ambiguous: women are disproportionately affected by anti-poaching laws and can have greater motivations to violate rules. We conducted a large-scale survey in communities within the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe and explored attitudes regarding; concern about resources, rule compliance, poaching, and anti-poaching activities. Although women's attitudes generally are not divergent from men's, we find some differences among nonelectrified households and those with a dependence on resources; these women are less likely to condemn commercial poaching and less willing to engage in anti-poaching activities. Men in poorer households are more likely to know a poacher. We identify a need of further understanding the causes behind gender differences in conservation attitudes.

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