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Emergent language and literacy among migrant adolescents

Conference contribution
Authors Anna Winlund
Published in Literacy Education and Second Language Learning for Adults (LESLLA) Annual Symposia, October 4-6, 2018, Palermo, Italy
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Swedish
Language en
Subject categories Swedish language

Abstract

Over the last decades Sweden has experienced a large increase in migrant adolescents, some of whom have little or no previous formal schooling experience. Pupils between 16 and 19 years old attend language introductory groups in upper secondary school (språkintroduktion) in order to learn Swedish, develop alphabetic print literacy, and get prepared for further education. Reports have shown an urgent need for in-service education for many teachers on how to teach beginners (especially adolescents) in reading and writing (Skolverket, 2016). Thus even though some studies have focused on this particular group of students (Bigelow & King, 2014; Tarone, 2009; Wedin, 2015) more knowledge is needed (Young-Scholten, 2015). Against this backdrop, the overriding purpose of my doctoral project is to investigate the education and development of literacy among students at språkintroduktion. Throughout the study, literacy is viewed as a complex set of social and interactive practices (Freebody & Luke, 1990; Martin-Jones & Jones, 2000; Street, 1984). In this presentation, I use the framework of the Continua of biliteracy (Hornberger, 1989) in order to analyse a comprehensive set of data collected over a one-year ethnography, which include field notes , pupils’ written material and audio-recordings of classroom interactions. This is with a view of understanding how the development of language and literacy is scaffolded in this instructional setting and how the expansion of the students’ linguistic resources can be stimulated. Bigelow, Martha, & King, Kendall A. (2014). Somali immigrant youths and the power of print literacy. Writing Systems Research, 7(1), 4-19. Freebody, Peter, & Luke, Allan. (1990). `Literacies´ programs: Debates and Demands in Cultural Context. Prospect: A Journal of Australian TESOL, 11, 7-16. Hornberger, Nancy H. (1989). Continua of Biliteracy. Review of Educational Research , Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. , 59(3), 271-296. Martin-Jones, Marilyn, & Jones, Kathryn. (2000). Multilingual literacies : reading and writing different worlds. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia: J. Benjamins Pub. Skolverket. (2016). Uppföljning av gymnasieskolan. Regeringsuppdrag–uppföljning och analys av gymnasieskolan. http://www.skolverket.se/publikationer?id=3642. Street, Brian V (1984). Literacy in theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge university press. Tarone, Elaine. (2009). Second language acquisition by low-literate learners: An under-studied population. Language Teaching, 43(01), 75. Wedin, Åsa. (2015). Skrivande bland unga vuxna som invandrat som ensamkommande barn. I A. Golden & E. Selj (Red.), Skriving paa norsk som andrespraak. Vurdering, opplæring, elevenes stemmer. Oslo: Cappelen Damm AS. Young-Scholten, Martha. (2015). Who are adolescents and adults who develop literacy for the first time in an L2, and why are they of research interest? Writing Systems Research, 7(1), 1-3. doi: 10.1080/17586801.2015.998443

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