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A new Swedish reference for total and prepubertal height.

Journal article
Authors Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Aimon Niklasson
Anton Holmgren
Lars Gelander
Andreas F M Nierop
Published in Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
ISSN 1651-2227
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Physiology
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Language en
Subject categories Pediatrics


We aimed to develop up-to-date references with standard deviation scores (SDS) for prepubertal and total height.Longitudinal length/height measures from 1572 healthy children (51.5% boys) born at term in 1989-1991 to non-smoking mothers and Nordic parents were obtained from the GrowUp 1990 Gothenburg cohort. A total height SDS reference from birth to adult height was constructed from Quadratic-Exponential-Pubertal-Stop (QEPS) function estimated heights based on individual growth curves. A prepubertal height SDS reference, showing growth trajectory in the absence of puberty, was constructed using the QE functions.The total height reference showed taller prepubertal mean heights (for boys 1-2cm; for girls 0.5-1.0cm) with a narrower normal within ±2SDS range versus the GrowUp 1974 Gothenburg reference. Adult height was increased by +0.9cm for females (168.6cm) and by +1.6cm for males (182.0cm). Height in children growing at -2SDS (the cutoff used for referrals) differed up to 2cm versus the GrowUp 1974 Gothenburg reference, 3cm versus Swedish 1981 references and World Health Organization (WHO) 0-5 years standard, and 6-8cm versus the WHO 5-19 years reference.Up-to-date total and prepubertal height references offer promise of improved growth monitoring compared with the references used in Sweden today.

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