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Parent reported health related quality of life (HRQoL) and behaviour in young people with epilepsy before and two years after epilepsy surgery.

Journal article
Authors Colin Reilly
Tove Hallböök
Gerd Viggedal
Bertil Rydenhag
Paul Uvebrant
Ingrid Olsson
Published in Seizure
Volume 74
Pages 1-7
ISSN 1532-2688
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 1-7
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.1...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Pediatrics

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare parent-reported Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and behaviour of young people before (baseline) and two years after paediatric epilepsy surgery (follow-up).The parents of 107 children who underwent epilepsy surgery completed surveys focussing on different aspects of child HRQoL and behaviour at baseline and follow-up. Parents of children with multiple disabilities (n = 27) completed five additional questions focussing on child HRQoL. Changes in scores between baseline and follow-up were compared using Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Factors associated with changes in scores were analyzed using linear regression.HRQoL and behaviour were significantly improved at follow-up (p < 0.001). HRQoL was also significantly improved for children with multiple disabilities (p = 0.003). Factors independently associated with improvement in HRQoL on multivariable analysis were lower baseline scores (p < 0.001), seizure-free status (p < 0.001) and improvement in behaviour (p = 0.022). Factors independently associated with improvement in behaviour were higher baseline difficulties (p < 0.001), reduction in antiepileptic drug (AED) usage, (p < 0.001), seizure-free status (p = 0.04), younger age (p = 0.03), and improvements in HRQoL (p = 0.028).Parent rated HRQoL and behaviour had improved two years after epilepsy surgery. Seizure freedom was associated with both improvements in HRQoL and behaviour. Additionally, a reduction in AED usage contributed to reduced behavioural difficulties. All children undergoing epilepsy surgery should undergo assessment of HRQoL and behaviour at baseline and follow-up.

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