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The New Swedish Cyprus Expedition 2018: Excavations at Hala Sultan Tekke (The Söderberg Expedition)

Journal article
Authors Peter M. Fischer
Teresa Bürge
Published in Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome
Volume 12
Pages 287-326
ISSN 2000-0898
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Historical Studies
Pages 287-326
Language en
Keywords Late Bronze Age, Cyprus, Hala Sultan Tekke, settlement, tombs, offering pits, wells, geophysical prospecting
Subject categories Archaeology, classical

Abstract

During the ninth field season at the Late Bronze Age city of Hala Sultan Tekke, excavations in City Quarter 1 (CQ1) continued and industrial and domestic structures belonging to three phases of occupation (Strata 3–1) dating to the 13th and 12th centuries BC (LC IIC–IIIA) were exposed. Additional evidence of urban copper production was obtained by finds of almost one ton of copper slag together with remains of furnaces and tuyères. Textiles were also produced in CQ1. A magnetometer survey of roughly 23 ha resulted in the discovery of another large city quarter (CQ4) between CQ1 and Area A (the cemetery) with regularly arranged stone-built compounds of imposing dimensions intersected by streets which to some extent resembles the town plan of Enkomi. Several massive walls are covered by ashlar blocks which distinguishes this quarter from CQ1–3 which are of industrial and domestic character. A bathroom built of ashlar blocks with an advanced hydrological layout was exposed in CQ4 (Stratum 1, LC IIIA) together with a storage area which contained numerous large vessels for olive oil, wine and water. Another rich tomb (Tomb RR) was excavated in Area A. It contained multi-burials together with tomb gifts from numerous Eastern Mediterranean cultures. One of the finds from Tomb RR is a complete large Mycenaean Chariot Krater depicting two chariots drawn by two pairs of horses and 10 individuals several of them with swords.

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