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Citizen Science in Support of Digital Earth

Chapter in book
Authors M.A. Brovelli
Marisa Ponti
S. Schade
P. Solis
Published in Manual of Digital Earth
Publisher Springer Verlag
Place of publication Singapore
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Applied Information Technology (GU)
Language en
Links https://www.springer.com/gp/book/97...
Keywords Citizen science - Digital earth - OpenStreetMap - Social innovation - Public engagement
Subject categories Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified, Interaction Technologies

Abstract

Citizen science can be thought of as a tremendous catalyst for making Digital Earth a participation model of our world. This chapter presents a wide overview of the concept and practice of citizen science in terms of the technologies and social impact. Definitions of citizen science and various existing approaches to citizen involvement are described, from simple contributions to projects proposed by someone else to the design and planning of science as a bottom-up process. To illustrate these concepts, the relevant example of OpenStreetMap is described in detail, and other examples are mentioned and briefly discussed. Social innovation connected with citizen science is focused on to highlight different levels of direct citizen contributions to scientific research and indirect effects on academia, and studies driven by new questions that may support responsible research and innovation (RRI), governments and public administration in making better informed decisions. Despite its growth and success in relatively few years, citizen science has not fully overcome a number of persistent challenges related to quality, equity, inclusion, and governance. These themes and related complex facets are discussed in detail in the last section of the chapter.

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