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SELF-PERCEIVED IMPACT OF STROKE: A LONGITUDINAL COMPARISON BETWEEN ONE AND FIVE YEARS POST-STROKE

Journal article
Authors Erik Skoglund
Emma Westerlind
Hanna C Persson
Katharina S Sunnerhagen
Published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume 51
Issue 9
Pages 660-664
ISSN 1650-1977
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Pages 660-664
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2595
Keywords stroke, Stroke Impact Scale, longitudinal, participation, participation, questionnaire, morbidity, validity, Rehabilitation, Sport Sciences
Subject categories Neurosciences

Abstract

Objective: To investigate different aspects of self-perceived impact of stroke 1 and 5 years after stroke onset, with a focus on self-perceived participation. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Participants: Forty-five persons diagnosed with first-time stroke included in the Stroke Arm Longitudinal study at University of Gothenburg (SALGOT). Methods: Participants responded to the Stroke Impact Scale, the Impact on Participation and Autonomy and the European Quality of Life 5 dimensions at 1 year and 5 years post-stroke. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to check for differences in changes over time between groups. Results: In general, the perceived consequences of stroke were more severe after 5 years compared with at 1 year. Strength, emotion and participation were the areas most affected, along with restrictions in social life and autonomy indoors. Global disability (mRS) was moderately correlated with quality of life. Conclusion: The perceived impact of stroke becomes more prominent with time, even for persons with mild-to-moderate stroke. This study highlights the need for long-term support for persons with stroke.

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