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[PFAPA syndrome - An important differential diagnosis in children with recurrent fever].

Review article
Authors Karin Rydenman
Stefan Berg
Anna Karlsson
Anders Fasth
Per Wekell
Published in Lakartidningen
Volume 116
ISSN 1652-7518
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Language sv
Links www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Children, Immunology in the medical area, Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Abstract

Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis and Cervical Adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is the most common autoinflammatory disorder among children in many parts of the world and an important differential diagnosis in children presenting with recurrent fever episodes. Commonly, PFAPA has an onset under the age of 5 years. Fever episodes in PFAPA usually last 3-6 days and are associated with one or more of the cardinal symptoms aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis. The fever episodes typically recur with an interval of 3-6 weeks, often with a striking regularity. During the episodes, the patient has elevated inflammatory variables such as CRP and serum amyloid A (SAA) and may sometimes have additional symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea and leg pain. Between the fever episodes, the patient is typically free of symptoms with normalized inflammatory variables and grows normally. Awareness and recognition of PFAPA is key to providing the patient with adequate treatment and avoiding misdiagnosis.

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