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The Persistence of the Criminal Justice Gender Gap: Evidence from 200 Years of Judicial Decisions

Working paper
Authors Anna Bindler
Randi Hjalmarsson
Publisher University of Gothenburg
Place of publication Gothenburg
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Economics
Language en
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/62247
Keywords gender, gender gap, crime, verdict, sentencing, discrimination, history
Subject categories Economics

Abstract

We document persistent gender gaps favoring females in jury convictions and judge sentences in nearly 200 years of London trials, which are unexplained by case characteristics. We find that three sharp changes in punishment severity locally affected the size and nature of the gaps, but were generally not strong enough to offset their persistence. These local effects suggest a mechanism of taste-based discrimination (paternalism) where the all-male judiciary protected females from the harshest available punishment.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
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