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Bacterial colonization of the stomach and duodenum in a Swedish population with and without proton pump inhibitor treatment

Journal article
Authors Jorge Alberto Arroyo Vazquez
Claes Henning
Per-Ola Park
Maria Bergström
Published in Jgh Open
ISSN 2397-9070
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Language en
Keywords bacteria, gastric bacterial flora, gastroscopy, perforated ulcers, proton pump inhibitor, transgastric, gastric-juice, age, prevalence, therapy, acidity, adults, Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Subject categories Gastroenterology and Hepatology


Background and Aim Microbial contamination of the abdominal cavity is a serious concern during transgastric endoscopic interventions and perforations, particularly in patients who have inhibited gastric acid secretion due to treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The aim of this study was to investigate the gastric and duodenal bacterial flora in patients with and without PPI treatment. Methods Patients referred for gastroscopy, without recent antibiotic treatment, were eligible for inclusion. Use of PPIs was recorded. Samples for bacterial culturing were obtained from the antrum of the stomach and from the duodenal bulb through a gastroscope. Positive cultures were examined for bacterial types and subtypes. Biopsies were taken in the antrum for urease test to detect Helicobacter pylori. Results Bacterial cultures from the stomach were obtained from 103 patients, and duodenal samples were also cultured from 49 of them, for a total of 53 patients with PPI use and 50 patients without. Positive gastric cultures were found in 42 of 53 patients with PPI use and in 13 of 50 without (P < 0.0001). Duodenal cultures were positive in 20 of 24 with PPI and 8 of 25 without (P < 0.0001). The most commonly identified bacterial species were oral strains of Streptococcus, followed by Neisseria and Haemophilus influenzae. Of 103 patients, 10 had a positive urease test, indicating H. pylori infection, 1 with PPI and 9 without. Conclusions Bacterial growth in the stomach and duodenum is more common in patients with PPI treatment. The dominating bacterial species found in the stomach and duodenum originates from the oropharynx. Clinical trials registry: Trial registration number 98041 in Researchweb (FoU in Sweden).

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