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Cross-sectional assessment of hearing acuity of an unscreened 85-year-old cohort - Including a 10-year longitudinal study of a sub-sample.

Journal article
Authors Hanna Göthberg
Ulf Rosenhall
Tomas Tengstrand
Therese Rydberg Sterner
Hanna Wetterberg
Anna Zettergren
Ingmar Skoog
André M. Sadeghi
Published in Hearing research
Volume 382
ISSN 1878-5891
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Centre for Ageing and Health (Agecap)
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2019.10...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Age-related hearing loss, Aging; Longitudinal; Older people, Population-based, Pure-tone audiometry
Subject categories Audiology

Abstract

As the proportion of older people increases, it is important to investigate hearing acuity in older individuals and to calculate hearing decline for older ages, using standardised test protocols. The main aim of this study was to determine pure-tone hearing thresholds in an unscreened birth cohort of 85-year-olds born in 1930, living in an industrial Swedish city. A further aim was to describe hearing decline in men and women from 75 to 85 years of age with the aid of longitudinal data. The study was part of the Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies in Sweden. Hearing thresholds (0.25-8 kHz) were measured using automated pure-tone audiometry for 286 85-year-old participants. A subsample (n = 182) was hearing examined at 75 years of age and studied longitudinally from 75 to 85 years. At age 85 years, men had better hearing at low frequencies but poorer hearing at high frequencies than women. The longitudinal study showed a considerable decline between 75 and 85 years at mid-high frequencies (>1 kHz) and the amount of decline was similar between sexes. The results contribute to the estimation of the future need for hearing health services.

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