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Reggio Emilia (with Perspectives from Sweden)

Chapter in book
Authors Patricia Giardiello
Tarja Karlsson Häikiö
Pernilla Mårtenson
Published in Empowering Early Childhood Educators: International Pedagogies as Provocation
Pages 113-138
ISBN 9781138309647
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxon England, New York USA
Publication year 2019
Published at School of Design and Crafts
Academy of Music and Drama
Pages 113-138
Language en
Keywords early childhood education, pre-school, Reggio Emilia approach, politics, pedagogy, philosophy
Subject categories Pedagogy, Learning, Children

Abstract

In Italy, the prosperous city of Reggio Emilia has become famous worldwide for its pre- schools and infant -toddler centres, attracting study groups from around the world keen to learn more about the innovative art-based processes that constitutes the Reggio Emilia Approach. We have seen in the other chapters in Part 2 of this book, how different early childhood education and care approaches have developed in response to different social and political agendas. Markedly, the socio-political pedagogical tradition of the Reggio Emilia Approach arose specifically from the municipal socialism of public life in and around the province of Reggio Emilia. Within this context the Reggio Emilia Approach is a form of progressive early childhood education shaped by Loris Malaguzzi, a psychologist and educator influenced by Dewey's model of progressive education, Montessori’s prepared environment, Vygotsky’s social cultural theories and the psychological theories of Piaget, Erikson, Bronfenbrenner, and Bruner (Cagliari et al., 2016; Rinaldi, 2006). At the same time, though, the protagonists of the approach continue to formulate new interpretations and new hypotheses and ideas about learning and teaching through their daily observations and practice of learning along with children (Gandini, 2003). This chapter begins by considering the influences that shaped the development of the Reggio Emilia Approach starting with both a geographical and historical perspective as the two are linked.

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