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Rapid automatized naming in a developmental perspective between ages 4 and 10

Journal article
Authors Malena Åvall
Ulrika Wolff
Jan-Eric Gustafsson
Published in Dyslexia
ISSN 1076-9242
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Education and Special Education
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/dys.1631
Keywords alphanumeric RAN, nonalphanumeric RAN, RAN development, rapid automatized naming, phonological awareness, processing speed, ran, association, prediction, components, children, digits, skills, Education & Educational Research, Psychology, Rehabilitation
Subject categories Pedagogy

Abstract

During the last decades, rapid automatized naming (RAN) has been widely examined as a predictor of reading ability, but very few studies have examined the development of RAN itself. The present study followed children from ages 4 until 10, focusing on RAN performance in a developmental perspective. Relations within and between alphanumeric and nonalphanumeric RAN were investigated both concurrently and over time. The result shows that individual differences in RAN objects are stable between ages 4 and 10, with the most rapid growth of mean performance between ages 4 and 6. Early performance on RAN objects predicts both performance on RAN digits and RAN letters at age 8 and the further development between ages 8 and 10. Further, low-performing children at age 4 develop their performance on RAN digits and RAN letters later compared with high-performing children, and RAN digits performance reaches a plateau earlier than RAN letters performance.

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