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Rapid automatized naming in a developmental perspective between ages 4 and 10

Journal article
Authors Malena Åvall
Ulrika Wolff
Jan-Eric Gustafsson
Published in Dyslexia
ISSN 1076-9242
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Education and Special Education
Language en
Keywords alphanumeric RAN, nonalphanumeric RAN, RAN development, rapid automatized naming, phonological awareness, processing speed, ran, association, prediction, components, children, digits, skills, Education & Educational Research, Psychology, Rehabilitation
Subject categories Pedagogy


During the last decades, rapid automatized naming (RAN) has been widely examined as a predictor of reading ability, but very few studies have examined the development of RAN itself. The present study followed children from ages 4 until 10, focusing on RAN performance in a developmental perspective. Relations within and between alphanumeric and nonalphanumeric RAN were investigated both concurrently and over time. The result shows that individual differences in RAN objects are stable between ages 4 and 10, with the most rapid growth of mean performance between ages 4 and 6. Early performance on RAN objects predicts both performance on RAN digits and RAN letters at age 8 and the further development between ages 8 and 10. Further, low-performing children at age 4 develop their performance on RAN digits and RAN letters later compared with high-performing children, and RAN digits performance reaches a plateau earlier than RAN letters performance.

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