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Some Remarks on the Unsolved Murder Case of Atabak Amin al -Sultan, the Iranian-Georgian Chief Minister of Three Qajar Kings

Chapter in book
Authors Leila Papoli-Yazdi
Mahboobeh Hosseini
Published in Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Faculty of Humanities Institute of Georgian History Proceedings
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Historical Studies
Language en
Links geohistory.humanities.tsu.ge/images...
Keywords Forensic archaeology, Amin al-Sultan, Qajar Persia
Subject categories History and Archaeology, Archaeology

Abstract

Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak Amin al-Sultan, the chief minister and lately prime minister of three Qajarid kings1, was of Georgian-Armenian descent2. His mother was an Armenian3, while it is known that his grandfather was captured as a slave from Georgia and started to work in the court as a simple worker. Ebrahim Amin al-Sultan, Atabak’s Father, due to his cleverness, was able to improve his status4. Shah became increasingly depended on him5 and soon enough he assumed his father’s position following his death and later was able to rise to the highest political status. The assassination of Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak Amin al-Sultan (31 August 1907), chief minister and prime minister of three Iranian kings of Qajar dynasty (1796-1925), is one of the most complicated murder cases occurred in modern Iran, which has never been solved. The murder case is important in itself as one of the very first modern professional political assassinations in Iran. The assassination occurred just one year after the signing of the Constitutional order (5 August 1906) by Mozzafar al-Din Shah (r.1 May 1896 – 3 January 1907) who died in the same year. His son and successor, Mohammad Ali Shah (r. 3 January 1907 – 16 July 1909), was a well-known enemy of the Constitutional movement. The authors of the present article try to re-describe the murder scene critically and according to forensic archaeological methods. To work on the scene, the police reports, first and second hand documents, photos and also reconstructions have been used.

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