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A comparison of state support for young people leaving care in Norway and Sweden: Differences within comparable welfare systems

Journal article
Authors J. Storo
Y. Sjoblom
Ingrid Höjer
Published in Child & Family Social Work
Volume 24
Issue 3
Pages 393-399
ISSN 1356-7500
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 393-399
Language en
Keywords adolescence, child support, child welfare, leaving care, social support, young people, former foster youth, employment outcomes, clients, adulthood, model, Family Studies, Social Work
Subject categories Social Work


The aim of this article is to account for and discuss support to young care leavers within the comparable welfare regimes of Norway and Sweden and to explore key differences between these 2 countries. This model implies that children and young people are included and entitled to support through being family members, not as independent actors in their own right. This makes young care leaver's transition from care to adulthood problematic-as they often do not have access to family support, they may be positioned in a vacuum where they are clients neither entitled to support from the child welfare system nor supported by their families of origin. In Norway, legislators and policymakers have agreed that care leavers need particular attention and targeted support, whereas in Sweden, there has been no such agreement. However, the Norwegian system of giving leaving care services is not strong enough to provide transition support to all care leavers, even if the legislation gives stronger protection than in Sweden. The article discusses the need for targeted measures of support for a successful care-leaving process.

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