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Adrenergic stimulation of adiponectin secretion in visceral mouse adipocytes is blunted in high-fat diet induced obesity

Journal article
Authors Musovic Saliha
Charlotta S Olofsson
Published in Scientific Reports
Volume 9
ISSN 2045-2322
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Physiology
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47113...
Keywords hormone-sensitive lipase, adipose-tissue, protein expression, 3t3-l1, adipocytes, insulin, exocytosis, epac, pathway, leptin, rap1, Science & Technology - Other Topics, herer pe, 1995, journal of biological chemistry, v270, p26746
Subject categories Physiology

Abstract

The hormone adiponectin is secreted by white adipocytes and has been put forward as a key mediator of obesity-linked insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome. Although adiponectin was discovered two decades ago, the knowledge about the molecular and cellular regulation of its secretion is incomplete. Here we have investigated the adrenergic regulation of adiponectin secretion in primary visceral (gonadal) adipocytes isolated from lean or obese/diabetic mice. We show that visceral adipocyte adiponectin release is triggered by cAMP/catecholamines via signalling pathways involving adrenergic beta-3-receptors (beta(3)ARs) and Exchange Protein directly Activated by cAMP, isoform 1 (Epac1). The adrenergically stimulated adiponectin secretion is blunted in visceral adipocytes isolated from obese and diabetic mice and our results suggest the existence of a secretory defect. We have previously shown that adiponectin secretion in subcutaneous adipocytes is abolished in the obese/diabetic state due to reduced abundance of beta(3)ARs and Epac1. However, here we show that protein levels of beta(3)ARs and Epac1 are maintained in visceral adipocytes from obese/diabetic mice proposing that other molecular defects underlie the blunted adiponectin release. Gene expression analysis indicate diabesity-associated disturbances of the signalling downstream of Epac1 and/or the exocytotic process itself. Our study proposes that visceral adipocytes partake in the regulated secretion of adiponectin and may thus influence circulating levels of the hormone, in health and in metabolic disease.

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