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Men with impaired glucose tolerance have lower self-rated health than men with impaired fasting glucose

Journal article
Authors Sven Diurlin
Maria Christina Eriksson
Bledar Daka
Ulf Lindblad
Margareta Hellgren
Published in Primary Care Diabetes
ISSN 1751-9918
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Keywords Impaired fasting glucose, Impaired glucose tolerance, Physical activity, Prevention, Primary health care, Self-rated health
Subject categories Endocrinology and Diabetes


Aim: Previous studies have shown that individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) have lower self-rated health than normoglycaemic individuals. The aim of this study was to examine differences in self-rated health between individuals with IGT and those with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and to consider the potentially mediating effect of physical activity. Methods: In 2002–2005, a total of 2816 individuals were randomly selected for a population-based study in Sweden. All participants performed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Fasting venous blood samples were drawn, and questionnaires concerning lifestyles were completed. Self-rated health (SRH) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) were reported on a five-graded and four-graded scale, respectively. A total of 213 individuals with IGT and 129 with IFG were detected. Results: IGT, but not IFG, was associated with low self-rated health. The difference in self-rated health was seen particularly in men when adjusted for age and BMI (OR = 2.13, CI: 1.13–4.02, p = 0.020). The results became insignificant when including physical activity in the model (OR = 1.8, CI: 0.91–3.58, p = 0.094). Conclusion: The low self-rated health adds further weight to the risk profile in men with IGT and stresses the importance of early detection and lifestyle interventions. © 2019

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