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Postoperative platelet function is associated with severe bleeding in ticagrelor-treated patients

Journal article
Authors Erik Björklund
Emma C. Hansson
B. S. Romlin
Anders Jeppsson
C. J. Malm
Published in Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume 28
Issue 5
Pages 709-715
ISSN 1569-9293
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 709-715
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy336
Keywords Acute coronary syndrome, Blood platelets, Cardiovascular surgery, Haemorrhage, Platelet function tests
Subject categories Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Abstract

Objectives: Preoperative testing of platelet function predicts bleeding risk in cardiac surgery patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy, but the value of postoperative platelet function testing, reflecting both preoperative antiplatelet therapy and perioperative changes in platelet function, has not been evaluated. Methods: Seventy-four patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with acetylsalicylic acid and ticagrelor within 5 days before cardiac surgery were included in a prospective observational study. Platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate, arachidonic acid and thrombin receptor-activating peptide was assessed with multiple electrode impedance aggregometry immediately before surgery and 2 h after weaning off cardiopulmonary bypass. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine any association between platelet aggregation and severe bleeding according to the universal definition of perioperative bleeding in adult cardiac surgery. Results: Severe bleeding occurred in 25 of 74 patients (34%). Preoperative and postoperative adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregations were associated with bleeding, with comparable areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve [0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.65-0.89) vs 0.75 (0.62-0.87)]. Postoperative arachidonic acid-and thrombin receptor-activating peptide-induced aggregation had markedly smaller areas under the curve. There were significant correlations between preoperative and postoperative platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate (r2 = 0.77, P < 0.001), arachidonic acid (r2 = 0.24, P < 0.001) and thrombin receptoractivating peptide (r2 = 0.21, P < 0.001) but with large interindividual variations. Conclusions: Poor postoperative platelet function was associated with severe bleeding, with accuracy comparable to that of preoperative platelet function. There was a correlation between preoperative and postoperative platelet function, but the predictability in an individual patient was limited. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

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