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SITUPS: a new tool for oral case presentation in the paediatric emergency department

Journal article
Authors Kalliopi Sofou
Kristina Bry
Published in Acta Paediatrica
Volume 108
Issue 8
Pages 1467-1474
ISSN 0803-5253
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 1467-1474
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14733
Keywords Case presentation, Education, Medical student, Paediatric emergency, Presentation technique, adverse childhood experiences, snapps, model, Pediatrics
Subject categories Pediatrics

Abstract

Aim We developed a new case presentation technique, SITUPS, and studied its impact on the patient presentations by medical students at a paediatric emergency department. The students' opinions about the usefulness of the technique were also assessed. Methods The students saw patients both before and after introduction to SITUPS. Their presentations were analysed by the clinical instructor using a student assessment form. The students filled in a 15-item questionnaire about their opinion of SITUPS as a learning tool. Results Twenty-eight students were evaluated both without and with SITUPS in a total of 78 presentations. Using SITUPS, the students gave more complete case presentations without increasing the presentation time. The main areas of improvement were discussing differential diagnoses, proposing a management plan, and identifying where they lacked knowledge and needed to ask the instructor questions. The students found SITUPS particularly helpful in identifying family and social issues of significance, thinking of relevant questions to ask the patient and the family, and thinking through differential diagnoses. Conclusion We propose a new case presentation technique, SITUPS, for use at the paediatric emergency department. With the help of SITUPS, the medical students gave more complete case presentations in a time-effective manner.

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