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Local treatment of liver metastases by administration of 177Lu-octreotate via isolated hepatic perfusion – A preclinical simulation of a novel treatment strategy

Journal article
Authors Viktor Sandblom
Ingun Ståhl
Christoffer Hansson
Roger Olofsson Bagge
Eva Forssell-Aronsson
Published in Surgical Oncology
Volume 29
Pages 148-156
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Radiation Physics
Wallenberg Laboratory
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Sahlgrenska Cancer Center
Pages 148-156
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2019.05.00...
Keywords Isolated hepatic perfusion, Neuroendocrine tumour, Somatostatin receptor, PRRT, Intraoperative gamma detector, Pig
Subject categories Surgery, Cancer and Oncology, Radiation biology, Radiological physics

Abstract

Introduction. Systemic 177Lu-octreotate treatment for metastatic neuroendocrine tumours is restricted by organs at risk. By administering 177Lu-octreotate during isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP), the uptake in organs at risk might be strongly reduced. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility to use the combination of IHP and radionuclide therapy. Methods. To simulate IHP, the liver of a pig was prepared for ex vivo perfusion. Blood containing 490 MBq 177Lu-octreotate was circulated through the liver for 60 min, after which the liver was rinsed. After IHP, the liver was examined by SPECT/CT. Lastly, an intraoperative gamma detector (IGD) was used to determine 177Lu activity concentration in the liver and results were compared with the activity concentration in corresponding liver biopsies. Results. Detector measurements over the liver during the IHP showed a fast increase with a maximum after approximately 10–15 min. After IHP, about 75% of the 177Lu in the liver could be washed out. The SPECT/CT images revealed a relatively inhomogeneous distribution. Nevertheless, the IGD values of 177Lu activity concentration showed acceptable agreement with the biopsy values. Conclusions. Our results in pig show that it could be feasible to treat patients with liver metastases from NETs with 177Lu-octreotate via IHP 177. However, an inhomogeneous distribution of 177Lu-octreotate in normal liver tissue is expected, and in order to determine the activity concentration with satisfactory accuracy using an IGD, measurements need to be performed at several positions over the liver.

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