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Two centuries-long streamflow reconstruction inferred from tree rings for the middle reaches of the Weihe River in Central China

Journal article
Authors N. Liu
G. Bao
Y. Liu
Hans W. Linderholm
Published in Forests
Volume 10
Issue 3
ISSN 1999-4907
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3390/f10030208
Keywords Reconstruction, Streamflow variability, Tree rings, Weihe River, Atmospheric pressure, Climatology, Forestry, Image reconstruction, Information management, Oceanography, Rivers, Watersheds, Pacific decadal oscillation, Pinus tabulaeformis carr, Regional water resources, Sea surface temperature (SST), Tree-ring-width indices, Weihe rivers, Stream flow, Pinus tabuliformis
Subject categories Climate Research

Abstract

Water source is one of the most important concerns for regional society and economy development, especially in the Weihe River basin which is located in the marginal zone of the Asian summer monsoon. Due to the weakness of short instrumental records, the variations of streamflow during the long-term natural background are difficult to access. Herein, the average June-July streamflow variability in the middle reaches of theWeihe River was identified based on tree-ring width indices of Chines pine (Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.) from the northern slope of the Qinling Mountains in central China. Our model could explain the variance of 39.3% in the observed streamflow period from 1940 to 1970 AD. There were 30 extremely low years and 26 high years which occurred in our reconstruction for the effective span of 1820 to 2005. Several common dryness and wetness periods appeared in this reconstructed streamflow, and other tree-ring precipitation series suggested the coherence of hydroclimate fluctuation over theWeihe River basin. Some significant peaks in cycles implied the linkages of natural forcing on the average June-July streamflow of the Weihe River, such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) activities. Spatial correlation results between streamflow and sea surface temperature in the northern Pacific Ocean, as well as extremely low/high years responding to the El Niño/La Nina events, supported the teleconnections. The current 186-year streamflow reconstruction placed regional twentieth-century drought and moisture events in a long-term perspective in theWeihe River basin, and provided useful information for regional water resource safety and forest management, particularly under climate warming conditions. © 2019 by the authors.

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