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A population-based and case-controlled study of children and adolescents with narcolepsy: Health-related quality of life, adaptive behavior and parental stress

Journal article
Authors Attila Szakacs
John Chaplin
P. Tideman
Ulf Strömberg
J. Nilsson
Niklas Darin
Tove Hallböök
Published in European Journal of Paediatric Neurology
Volume 23
Issue 2
Pages 288-295
ISSN 1090-3798
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 288-295
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.01.0...
Keywords Child, Adolescent, Health-related quality of life, Adaptive behavior, Parenting stress, Narcolepsy, association, cataplexy, profile, adhd, age
Subject categories Neurology, Pediatrics

Abstract

Objective: To investigate health-related quality of life (HrQoL) and adaptive behavior in young people with narcolepsy and stress among their parents. Methods: In a cross-sectional exploratory quantitative study design, 37 young people with narcolepsy (8-20 years of age) and their parents were recruited. Thirty-one had post-H1N1 vaccination-related narcolepsy (PHV) and six had narcolepsy not related to PHV (nPHV). In addition, 40 age- and gender-matched controls (aged 5-20 years) were recruited. Results: Thirty-one patients completed the generic HrQoL questionnaire KIDSCREEN and the disease-specific NARQoL-21. HrQoL was found to be significantly diminished in all domains in the PHV group (p = 0.001) and in the School/Concentration domain (p = 0.004) in the nPHV group compared to age- and gender-matched controls. The Adaptive Behavior Assessment System was completed by parents of 32 patients. They rated their children significantly lower in the General adaptive composite (p = 0.026) and the Conceptual (p = 0.050) and Social composite scores (p = 0.001) compared with reference data on healthy Swedish children's and young people's adaptive behavior. Parents of 36 patients filled in the 36-item short form of the Parenting Stress Index questionnaire. They rated significantly higher Total stress, Parent-child dysfunctional interaction, and Difficult child scores compared with parents of controls (p = 0.001, p = 0.005, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Children with narcolepsy have diminished HrQoL compared with controls. Parents of children with narcolepsy experience impaired adaptive behavior in their children and high levels of parenting stress. Identifying the contributory factors is necessary, and early intervention is crucial in order to improve the HrQoL of these children and their families. (C) 2019 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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