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Five-year prospective study on conometric retention for complete fixed prostheses

Journal article
Authors E. O. Bressan
L. Sbricoli
R. Guazzo
M. Bambace
D. Lops
Cristiano Tomasi
Published in European Journal of Oral Implantology
Volume 12
Issue 1
Pages 105-113
ISSN 1756-2406
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 105-113
Language en
Keywords conometric retention, dental implants, edentulous mandible, fixed prosthesis, complete dentures, edentulous jaws, implant, rehabilitation, overdentures, quality, bone, life, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of a conometric system for fixed retention of complete prostheses (CPs) on four implants after 5 years of function. Materials and methods: Twenty-five patients with a completely edentulous mandible received four implants supporting a CP. A total of 100 implants were immediately loaded with CPs on conometric abutments. A follow-up of 5 years was observed for each patient. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant success, complications, probing pocket depth changes, marginal bleeding and plaque changes, and patient satisfaction. Results: One patient dropped-out. In total, 96 implants supporting the 24 CPs completed the follow-up examination at 5 years. No implant failed. Two framework fractures occurred after 4 and 5 years of function. No loss of retention was recorded for the CPs. Mucositis was recorded for two implants after 1 year of prostheses function for two patients, for one implant after 3 years and for two implants after 4 years in different patients and successfully treated with interceptive supportive therapy. No significant differences were found between Plaque Index (P1) at baseline and after 2 years (P = 1.0); similar findings were calculated between P1 at baseline and after 5 years (P = 0.6) of function. At baseline, after 2 and after 5 years, respectively, 69%, 64% and 56% of implants showed a P1 of 0; 31%, 36% and 44% of implants showed a P1 between 1 and 3. Modify Bleeding Index (MBI) was not significantly different both between baseline and after 2 years of function (P = 1.0) and between baseline and 5 years of function (P = 0.5). At baseline, after 2 and after 5 years, respectively, 69%, 65% and 61% of implants showed a MBI of 0; 27%, 28% and 29% of implants showed a MBI of 1; and 4%, 7% and 10% of implants showed a MBI of 2. The mean probing pocket depth was 1.2 +/- 0.4 mm at baseline, 1.2 +/- 0.4 mm after 2 years and 1.4 +/- 0.5 mm after 5 years of function. The differences were not statistically significant between baseline and 2 years (P = 1.0) and between baseline and 5 years (P = 0.1). From the patient satisfaction questionnaire, 85% percent of patients were satisfied from both aesthetic and functional points of view after 5 years of conometric prostheses function. Conclusions: The present implant-supported conometric retention system can be used to give fixed retention to a CP supported by four implants. An adequate metal framework should be provided to the definitive restoration in order to avoid fractures in the long term.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
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