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From peak to trough: Swedish strikes and lockouts in the first half of the twentieth century

Journal article
Authors Jesper Hamark
Published in Workers of the World: International Journal on Strikes and Social Conflicts
Volume 1
Issue 9
Pages 137-166
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Economy and Society, Economic History
Pages 137-166
Language en
Links https://www.researchgate.net/public...
Keywords strikes, lockouts, labour ideology, power resources hypothesis, left opposition within the labour movement
Subject categories Work Sciences

Abstract

Sweden is renowned for its peaceful industrial relations during the post-WWII years. But until the 1930s Sweden was struck by extensive labour and employer militancy. The internationally established explanation for the transformation from peak to trough is the seizure of governmental power by the social democrats in the 1930s. The actual timing of conflicts, however, does not favour such an idea. Instead I argue that the shifting balance of power between the major working class ideologies—communism, syndicalism and social democracy—was one important factor in the decline of industrial strife.

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