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Impact of near-surface wind speed variability on wind erosion in the eastern agro-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China, 1982–2016

Journal article
Authors Gangfeng Zhang
Cesar Azorin-Molina
Peijun Shi
Degen Lin
Jose A. Guijarro
Feng Kong
Deliang Chen
Published in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume 271
Pages 102-115
ISSN 0168-1923
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 102-115
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.02...
Keywords Northern China, Revised Wind Erosion Equation Model, Wind erosion, Wind stilling
Subject categories Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Wind erosion in arid and semi-arid areas is an important global environmental issue, and changes in wind speed trends over time play a key role in wind erosion dynamics. In a warming climate, scientists have recently observed a widespread decline in wind speed, termed “stilling”. Here, we apply the Revised Wind Erosion Equation Model (RWEQ) to simulate the variability of wind erosion and quantify the impact of wind speed changes on soil degradation dynamics over the eastern agro-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China from 1982 to 2016. Our results show that a significant (i.e., p < 0.05) decrease (-0.007 m s −1 year −1 ) of near-surface wind speed was observed annually, with significant declining trends in spring (-0.010 m s −1 year −1 )and autumn (-0.009 m s −1 year −1 ). At the same time, wind erosion simulations reveal a negative trend for the annual soil loss from wind erosion (-6.20 t hectare -2 year -1 , p < 0.05; affecting 99.8% of the study region), with significant declining trends in all seasons, particularly in spring (-3.49 t hectare -2 year −1 ) and autumn (-1.26 ha -2 year −1 ). Further, we isolate the effects of wind variability on wind erosion from 1982 to 2016 by the model variable control method. This shows that wind speed variability strongly weakens wind erosion at -8.14 t hectare -2 year -1 (p < 0.05) annually, with the strongest stilling recorded in spring leading to major decreases of wind erosion in spring (-4.77 t hectare -2 year −1 , p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the weakest stilling in summer had the opposite influence on wind erosion (+0.40 t hectare -2 year -1 , p < 0.10). To summarize, our findings have shown a significant impact of wind stilling on the decline of soil erosion rates in Northern China.

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