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Evaluation of deformable image registration accuracy for CT images of the thorax region

Journal article
Authors Sebastian Sarudis
A. Karlsson
D. Bibac
J. Nyman
Anna Bäck
Published in Physica Medica-European Journal of Medical Physics
Volume 57
Pages 191-199
ISSN 1120-1797
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Radiation Physics
Pages 191-199
Language en
Keywords Deformable image registration, Breathing motion, Adaptive radiotherapy, Lung cancer, respiratory motion, dosimetric impact, radiation-therapy, anatomic, changes, tumor volume, lung-cancer, radiotherapy, algorithm, consequences, rapidarc, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
Subject categories Cancer and Oncology


Purpose: Evaluate the performance of three commercial deformable image registration (DIR) solutions on computed tomography (CT) image-series of the thorax. Methods: DIRs were performed on CT image-series of a thorax phantom with tumor inserts and on six 4-dimensional patient CT image-series of the thorax. The center of mass shift (CMS), dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and dose-volume-histogram (DVH) parameters were used to evaluate the accuracy. Dose calculations on deformed patient images were compared to calculations on un-deformed images for the gross tumor volume (GTV) (D-mean, D-98%), lung (V-20Gy,V-12Gy), heart and spinal cord (D-2%). Results: Phantom structures with constant volume and shifts <= 30 mm were reproduced with visually acceptable accuracy (DSC >= 0.91, CMS <= 0.9 mm) for all software solutions. Deformations including volume changes were less accurate with 9/12 DIRs considered visually unacceptable. In patients, organs were reproduced with DSC >= 0.83. GTV shifts <= 1.6 cm were reproduced with visually acceptable accuracy by all software while larger shifts resulted in failures for at least one of the software. In total, the best software succeeded in 18/25 DIRs while the worst succeeded in 12/25 DIRs. Visually acceptable DIRs resulted in deviations <= 3.0% of the prescribed dose and <= 3.6% of the total structure volume in the evaluated DVH-parameters. Conclusions: The take home message from the results of this study is the importance to have a visually acceptable registration. DSC and CMS are not predictive of the associated dose deviation. Visually acceptable DIRs implied dose deviations <= 3.0%.

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