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Perceived fatigue in myotonic dystrophy type 1: a case-control study.

Journal article
Authors Stefan Winblad
Christopher Lindberg
Published in BMC Neurology
Volume 19
Issue 1
ISSN 1471-2377
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Psychology
Language en
Links https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com...
Keywords Myotonic dystrophy, Fatigue, Neuromuscular, Depression, Cognition
Subject categories Clinical Medicine

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to explore perceived fatigue, experienced functional limitations due to fatigue and clinical correlates in patients with Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Methods In total, 32 consecutive patients with DM1 (14 women and 18 men) and 30 sex, age and education matched healthy control subjects participated. Perceived fatigue was rated on the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS). Patients also completed a set of assessments aimed to characterize CTG-repeat size, muscle impairment, depression and cognitive functions. Non-parametric analysis were performed as appropriate, including Mann-Whitney U-test and Spearman correlation test. Results DM1 patients had higher FIS total score than healthy controls, suggesting higher fatigue levels. More specifically, DM1 patients scored higher on the FIS physical and psychosocial subscales than controls but not on the FIS cognitive scale. Scores on fatigue correlated significantly with muscle impairment and depression. Conclusions Perceived fatigue is significantly more common in patients with DM1 than in healthy controls. Higher ratings on depression and muscle impairment were associated with the condition. This indicates that both depression and muscle impairment may contribute to the experience of fatigue in DM1.

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