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Blockchain-Based Electronic Identification: Cross-Country Comparison of Six Design Choices

Conference paper
Authors Anar Bazarhanova
Juho Lindman
Johan Magnusson
Andreas Nilsson
Eric Chou
Published in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Stockholm & Uppsala, Sweden, June 8-14, 2019
ISBN 978-1-7336325-0-8
Publisher Association for Information Systems
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Applied Information Technology (GU)
Language en
Links https://aisel.aisnet.org/ecis2019_r...
Keywords eID, Identity Management Services, Blockchain, Banking, Self-Sovereign Identity
Subject categories Information Systems

Abstract

Electronic identification (eID) solutions constitute a critical element in digitalised society. As such, eID has been studied from a variety of perspectives, yet most, if not all existing solutions that have been studied rely on a centralised approach. With the introduction of decentralised technologies such as blockchain, new avenues for designing eID solutions become feasible. In order to acceler-ate the creation of blockchain-based eID solutions and their study, this paper offers a comparison of two traditional eID initiatives in Finland and Sweden and one blockchain-based eID initiative in Taiwan. Based on this comparison, we derive insights in the form of design choices for a block-chain-based eID initiative. The findings show that the repertoire for design choices in eID solutions is expanded by the application of the blockchain. These findings are used as a foundation for discussing the design of blockchain-based eID solutions and the need for future research.

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